A project which aims to cultivate corals in captivity and semi-captivity, for restructuring reefs will be held Quintana Roo. This will be carried out by researchers from El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR). The project will be funded by the National Commission on Science and Technology (CONACYT) with 1.5 million pesos and will formally begin on August 28 and will last for three years.
Julio Espinoza Avalos, an Ecosur researcher holder and project manager, told in a press conference that the goal is to reproduce new coral colonies that allow reef restoration in southern Quintana Roo. He considered the world’s reefs are badly damaged, mostly the ones in the Mexican Caribbean, so much that its even has been cataloged as “coral bleaching” by the tone that grip by calcification of this.
“The causes are many, ranging from pollution, global warming and diseases that cause the growth of an algae that affect corals, which in recent years has led to a decline between 8% and 14% of the coral population throughout the Caribbean”, says the researcher.
Biologist Neidy Cetz Navarro, also a participant and project manager, explained that the project includes a series of experiments that are necessary to obtain results that give a strong response to the phenomenon that causes rapid death of this important marine fauna.
“When we have the larvae, after the stages of embryogenesis, they will be in controlled areas of recruitment with special conditions, for example, some with substrate of calcium, of sand, of cement and sand, or gray cement, with many, little or no light, to see what the best conditions in which we will have a better result, which means, more reproduction”.
She explained that the collection will take place in August and will be made with conical traps deposited in buckets and then they will be fertilized, then they will be transferred to the aquarium of Xcaret, where they will be placed in separate incubators, to wait for the embryo phases until they become larvae.