At the height of the technological era, young people are not choosing careers according to the times and the medium and long-term changes that will be made in labor matters, at least as detailed in a study by the World Bank (WB).
According to Forbes magazine, the report “At a Crossroads: Higher Education in Latin America and the Caribbean” warns that almost half (44.7 percent) of people joining higher education do so in studies related to social sciences, law and business.
While 21.3 percent choose engineering, manufacturing and construction careers; 12.5 percent do it in education; 9.0 percent in health and social security; while science is chosen by just 5.5 percent; 4.4 percent in humanities and arts; leaving behind agriculture and service careers with 1.7 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively.
This figures contrast with another WB report, “The Future of Jobs”, which details that a new labor market is materializing while another one is being displaced, being automation and robotization of jobs, which will be palpable in the coming years, the reason for this change, according to Javier Vargas, vice-president of Right Management for Manpower Latin America.
“In the next few years, 45 percent of today’s job positions are going to be automated to some extent, not the full job but a good part of their job. While 4 percent of some of these jobs will be fully automated. “
According to specialists, the careers or professions that a decade ago required the knowledge and specialization of the person to carry out certain procedures, can now be replaced by electronic portals or specific programs and applications that synthesize the work.
In that sense, the demand for jobs will be tilted to the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) areas, as well as manufacturing and production, while opportunities will be less pronounced in sectors such as administration and office work.
In fact, Manpower Group launched a talent shortage survey and what they saw in the survey is that 40 percent of employers have trouble filling positions and the most difficult positions to cover have to do with Stem occupations: mechanical, electrical and civil eengineers, leading information technology personnel and IT managers, and production and maintenance technicians.