Mexico’s fight against global warming: Local initiatives with global positive impacts!
COP20 in Lima, Peru
The year 2014 hasn’t come to an end just yet, and experts already believe that this year has been the warmest, ever since mankind kept track of the planet’s global temperature.
Deforestation is causing serious damage over large areas in Australia and South America; regions of the United States and China have no longer rains, England lives its driest year and India reported the highest level of greenhouse gases in history!
Oceans are the main cushion to global warming; nonetheless they continue increasing their salt levels, which simultaneously represents a serious threat to marine ecosystems and coastal cities.
In conclusion, if things continue the way they are, it may take up to ten years before the policies adopted by governments around the world, start producing positive results and decrease the planet’s temperature.
However… There is hope, and the entire world has taken action to fight against global warming. On December 1st, Lima, Peru turned into the hosting venue for this year’s Conference of the Parties on Climate Change, better known as the COP20.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change entered into force on March 21st 1994. Today, it has near-universal membership. The 195 countries that have ratified the Convention are called Parties to the Convention. This year’s COP20 will feature the 195 delegates from several nations working together, discussing and sharing solutions on environmental initiatives, until December 12th. The main goal is to prepare a document to replace the Kyoto Protocol ―signed on December 11th, 1997― which represents the most significant effort to stop global warming and reverse pollution levels to those recorded in 1990.
This new protocol will be signed by the 195 countries at the Conference of the Parties 2015, (COP21) to be held in Paris in December 2015.
Regardless of the agreements achieved by governments at COP20, much of the solution will lie in local actions that each country and each city undertake to preserve the environment.
An example of this is San Juan Lachao: an indigenous town located in the southern state of Oaxaca that represents the first Mexican community that has followed a protocol in order to take care of their forests, with excellent results.
With the support of International and Nongovernmental Organizations (NGO’s), the community began directly managing their forests, therefore creating barriers to prevent fires and erosion.
They also began harvesting crops and producing goods of high international demand, such as organic coffee; additionally, they opened a packaging system of water and launched an ecotourism program.
This strategy is an example of how international NGO’s can work with indigenous communities around the world, with the aim of saving the planet, and how local action can have a positive global impact.
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