How much would it cost to deport all the United States Undocumented Immigrants?

By Elliot Bullman

On his way to the White House, President elect Donald Trump vowed to deport all of the United States estimated 11.3 million undocumented immigrants within two years upon becoming US President.

Trump will soon have to present the cost and the negative impact to the US economy of such a mass removal plan to congress when he takes office in January 2017.

education not deportationOriginal Image: "education! not deportation!" byJim Winstead, used underCC BY 2.0 license, via Flickr.

Studies have shown, however, its cost would be “prohibitively expensive” and trigger profound collateral economic consequences.

For this to actually happen within the specified timeframe, between458,000 and 611,000 deportations per month would be required.

In all of 2013, the Obama Administration deported a record of 438,000 immigrants. In other words, Trump wants to deport in one month alone a higher number than the Obama administration deported in 12 months.

A2015 studybythe American Action Forum, a conservative pro-immigration group, estimates the federal government would have to spend roughly $400 billion to $600 billion to deport 11.3 million undocumented immigrants and prevent future unlawful entry into the U.S. over a 20 year time period.

cost deportationOriginal Image: "We are not criminals" byMichael Righi, used underCC BY 2.0 license, via Flickr.

In order to implement the plan, the study says, each immigrant would have to be apprehended, detained, legally processed, and transported to his or her home country.

Mass deportation will burden the economy, the report goes on. Removing all undocumented immigrants would cause the labour force to shrink by 6.4%. As a result, 20 years from now the economy would be nearly 6% or $1.6 trillion smaller than it would be if the immigrants are allowed to stay.

While this impact would be found throughout the economy, the agriculture, construction, retail and hospitality sectors would be especially strongly affected, the report indicates.

Trump has rejected the money estimates. “Well, first of all, they’re wrong,” he saidspeakingon ABC’s This Week referring to the American Action Forum’s estimates.

On the flip side, putting unauthorized immigrants on a pathway to citizenship—which two-thirds of Americans support—would add a cumulative$1.2 trillionto the GDP over a decade, increase the earnings of all Americans by $625 billionand create an average of 145,000 new jobs each year.

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