Four discoveries that changed history in 2014
The best of Mexican archaeologists 2014
Mexican archaeologists must celebrate the end of a successful year. This 2014, many secrets and mysteries of ancient history finally saw the light! Here are some of the most celebrated discoveries made in Mexico.
Naia, the oldest Native American
A 16 year-old teenage girl named Naia stole the attention of researches. The fascinating story inside her bones can tell us a lot about the first Native Americans. Naia’s remains were found inside a deep underwater cave in Tulum, called Hoyo Negro (Black Hole), around 12,000 years after her death.
She was probably looking for fresh water or shelter but instead Naia was trapped in a time capsule, sharing her wet tomb with others animals identified as sabretooth, gomphothere (relative to the modern elephant), giant tapir, boar, bear, puma, bobcat, coyote, coati and bat.
The Maya calendar
By the middle of the year, Guillermo Bernal, professor of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) made a special announcement: he and his team found new information and evidence on the Maya Calendar.
The walls of Palenque kept the answer of one of the largest mysteries of all the times: a new whole count from the Maya Calendar, dedicated to the possum god. This new count belongs to a sacred period of 63 days.
This new cogwheel of the calendar may help researches to restore important dates and facts about this ancient civilization that has been an enigma for the history of mankind.
The ancient mystery of Uxmal
Archeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) discovered in Uxmal an unknown structure buried below the Palacio del Gobernador (the Governor’s Palace). According to experts, this construction is 200 years older than Uxmal. This proves that this city is around 1,500 years old.
The construction design of the arch belongs to the early puc architectural style. It was sealed by its own inhabitants, due to political or economic changes.
The research will continue and, once it finishes, the arch will be sealed once more.
The underworld of Teotihuacan
The city of the gods, Teotihuacan, revealed one more of its secrets: A deep tunnel of more than 100 meters long under the Temple of Quetzalcoatl (the Feathered Serpent), full of important pieces related to the world view of the pre-Hispanic underworld.
So far, researches have recovered about 500 sculptures whose historical and economic value is priceless: shells from the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, jewelry, seeds, rubber balls and even human bones.
Thanks to special robots designed by the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and The National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), archeologists have discovered three chambers that may contain special offers and sacrifices to the underworld.
The archeological work in these sites will continue and surely there will be surprising news very soon. One of the most expected is the research in Tenochtitlan to find the remains of the Aztec Emperor, Ahuizotl.
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