Revealing Mysteries: The Maya Calendar
A recent discovery led to find out more of the Maya Calendar
Have you ever observed an object for so long that you lose the meaning of why you were looking at it in the first place? Well sometimes that happens to researchers too.
Guillermo Bernal, professor of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, announced that they came across recently with a new and exciting discovery: New information and evidence on the Maya Calendar, found in the state of Chiapas.
Researchers found that the main building in Palenque kept within its murals, some very important information about one of the largest mysteries of the Maya civilization: A whole new period of the Maya Calendar, carved in one of the building’s estelas (an estela is a pillar, generally used in the Maya Civilization to form part of buildings, with special carvings on it).
It was discovered because this estela has been subject of studies, ever sin the year 1993, but it wasn’t until now that someone finally found new information, related to the Maya Calendar! It’s an amazing discovery; one million years after its inception, we can still learn further about the Maya’s complex system.
The estela was found in pieces behind the debris of the ceremonial center, and was registered as an object from Pakal’s kingdom. The very first investigations indicate that it was originally made to manage rituals for the possum god, which was the deity that stole the fire from the gods, just as Prometheus did with the Greeks (Vulcan).
The restoration of the estela revealed a new period in the Maya Calendar: a 63-day-count, but not of a normal cycle… Researchers came to the conclusion that this specific time-lapse belongs to a sacred period in the calendar… Why?
Before this great discovery, epigraphists knew the existence of other cycles, of 7, 9 and 819 days; meaning that this new 63-day-count could have been the engine missing for the Maya Calendar.
Mayas thought that the entire world was dived in three sections, each one with a different number of levels, the underground with 9 levels, middle earth 7 stages and heaven with 13 levels.
Professor Bernal explained that the cycle was discovered after researchers multiplied the underground and middle earth number of stages (9x7=63) and the result was then multiplied by the number of levels in the third section, in heaven (63x13=819).
This was not a coincidence, the number 29 estela of Yaxchilan has an inscription made for the possum god and it has the same number of days as in the estela from Palenque.
This cycle was not recurrent information for Maya records, which is why researchers had not noticed it before but now it can be one step more to understand Mayan culture.
This is just the beginning… Professor Bernal said. In one year maybe we will hear more news about the calendar because this new count is bringing the key to restore important dates and facts about Maya Civilization.
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