5 Mexican products the U.S. cannot live withoutBy Elliot Bullman
These foods and beverages produced in Mexico are favourites among Americans, putting barriers to them will have consequences.
To stop having Mexico as a trading partner, would have the inhabitants of the United States hungry and thirsty.
The five Mexican products most exported to the United States: beer, tomato, avocado, tequila and pepper "are already part of American citizens consumption habits," says José Antonio Peral, executive sector director of ProMéxico.
For the first time, Mexico became the leading supplier of food and beverages in the United States in 2016. It did so despite uncertainty surrounding the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as part of the US electoral process.
Last year, the United States imported $ 119.843 billion (MDD) in food and beverages. Of that total, Mexico sent 24,097 MDD, leaving behind Canada, with 20,891 MDD, and China, with 4,650, according to the US Census Bureau.
Today, the outlook for Mexico is to retain this position, despite the slogan "American buy, contract Americans" promoted by the president, Donald Trump.
Tomato is an essential ingredient for hot dogs, hamburgers, pizza and pasta. 90% of the tomato that is consumed in that country is Mexican. The avocado shares this percentage, and is the main raw material for guacamole, the most consumed dip during the Super Bowl, says Juan Carlos Anaya, director of Grupo Consultor de Mercados Agrícolas (GCMA).
Meanwhile, beer leads the list of agri-food products most exported to the United States. In 2016, 2,520 million litres were shipped, corresponding to 80% of Mexican beer exports, details of Cerveceros de México, Cámara de la Cerveza.
Then there is the tequila as a digestive. This drink ranks fourth in the list of agri-food products most sent to the US, details information from the Ministry of Agriculture (SAGARPA).
"Of every 10 litres of tequila exported, eight are going to the US. Because it has a designation of origin, no other country can manufacture and sell tequila, "says the director of GCMA.
Closing the border to Mexican products, there is no supplier with the same characteristics to supply the largest market in the world.
Canada is in the same geographic position but because of its seasonality it cannot provide food all year round, explains the ProMexico official.
"If you wanted to import fresh produce from other parts of the world, logistically would be much more expensive," explains Anaya.
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